Multi-scale modeling of the thermal workpiece load in the turning process considering the cutting fluid

Key Info

Basic Information

01.10.2020 to 30.09.2022
Organizational Unit:
Chair of Manufacturing Technology, Cutting Technology
German Research Foundation DFG

Research partner

    • Institute of Heat and Mass Transfer (WSA) of RWTH Aachen University



Nicklas Gerhard



+49 241 80 28022



The use of cutting fluid is beneficial in the machining technology in order to transport the process heat generated from the tool-workpiece interface and to reduce the frictional heat due to its lubricating effect. The thermo-mechanical load induced in this context has a considerable influence on the surface integrity and the associated functionality of the component. However, the thermal and mechanical load of the workpiece has been modeled separately in previous work. For a comprehensive understanding of the process, the investigation of the interaction between mechanical and thermal phenomena is necessary.

The main objective of the proposed research project is the multi-scale modeling of the thermal workpiece load in the turning process, considering the supply of cutting fluid and the tool wear condition.

In the first funding period, a coupling approach between Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Finite Element Method (FEM) is developed. The coupling approach is based on the iterative exchange of mechanical and thermal parameters between FEM and CFD. Based on FEM simulations and experiments, the chip geometry is calculated and used as the input for CFD mesh generation. In the CFD simulation, the heat transfer coefficients are then quantified and transferred to the FEM simulation, which then calculates the modified chip geometry. In addition, further sub-models are developed and validated for the description of the friction behavior as well as the contact heat transfer under consideration of cutting fluid. Overall, this iterative coupling approach can be used to determine the temperature distribution and gradients in the boundary layer of complex components during machining. By enhancing the FEM chip formation simulation to the actual tribological conditions considering friction and heat transfer models, a major scientific gap in modeling approaches is closed, and thus a comprehensive virtual image of the machining process under real conditions can be achieved.